Constitutional Validity of Section 497, Indian Penal Code and Section 198(2),Criminal Procedure Code

Background Consensual sexual relations between two adults have been considered totally permissible by the Apex Court in India. (as discussed before here ). On the contrary, a sanctity and moral barrier is attached to the institution of marriage. When someone… Continue Reading

Arguments in favour and against the Constitutionality of Penal provisions for Defamation

Subramanian Swamy versus Union of India dealt with various writ petitions challenging the constitutional validity of Sections 499 and 500, Indian Penal Code. The Hon’ble Apex Court( 13 May,2016) summed up the contentions of both the parties as follows (Para… Continue Reading

Right of daughters by birth under Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005

“The law relating to a joint Hindu family governed by the Mitakshara law has undergone unprecedented changes. The said changes have been brought forward to address the growing need to merit equal treatment to the nearest female relatives, namely daughters… Continue Reading

Proposed and Recent Amendments to Negotiable Instruments Act

The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881  was enacted to define and amend the law relating to Promissory Notes, Bills of Exchange and Cheques. It has been amended from time to time so as to provide speedy disposal of cases relating to… Continue Reading

Provisions to ensure respect for the Constitution of India, National Flag and the National Anthem

Article 51A(a), Constitution of India provides that it shall be the duty of every citizens of India to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem. Prevention of Insults to National Honour… Continue Reading

Legislation for prevention of Improper Use of of certain emblems and names

Article 51A(a), Constitution of India provides that it shall be the duty of every citizen of India to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem. A Consultation Paper (July 2001) on EFFECTUATION OF FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES… Continue Reading

Class of Articles under Designs Act,2000 and Design Rules,2001

The Locarno Classification is established by the Locarno Agreement,1968. It is an international classification used for the purposes of the registration of industrial designs. It presents the list of goods in class and subclass order. India has not signed Locarno… Continue Reading

Liberal Judicial Perceptions on Live-in-Relationships : Dignified Lives without Marriage

  No doubt exists as to that the people in India have lived together beyond and outside marriage even in the past. But the present scenario is different in two aspects – firstly the relationships in earlier days were kept… Continue Reading