Inside a First Examination Report (FER) of a Patent Application in India

A First Examination Report (FER), also known as First Office Action in the U.S., is issued by the Indian Patent Office (IPO) only when the applicant files a Request for Examination (FORM 18 or 18A). A request for examination has… Continue Reading

Who is a Person of Ordinary Skill in the Art?

The requirement of a “person skilled in the art”(PSITA) in patent law is very imminent. The analysis of a PSITA is required for determining obviousness and while applying the¬†doctrine of equivalence.¬† The key factor in determining inventive step in any… Continue Reading