The Unified Patent Court (UPC) is a proposed common patent court which is open for participation to the member states of European Union only. The Court is to be established by the Agreement on a Unified Patent Court. The agreement will into force on the first day of the fourth month after satisfying three predefined conditions, which are as follows –
- Brussels I Regulation amendment entry into force.
- Ratification by 3 states with most European patents in effect in 2012 (presently France, Germany, United Kingdom)
- Ratification or accession by at least 13 states
As on date a total of 14 states have ratified the agreement. The UPC when set up will have jurisdiction to hear cases regarding infringement and revocation EU patents valid in contracting states. A single ruling of UPC will be directly applicable throughout the territories of the contracting states.